Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) has given the great success to the childless couples in completing their families. It is the modern technique which is used for infertile couples who are not able to conceive. It is the best fertility treatment in which eggs are removed surgically or through stimulated hormone injection from the woman’s ovaries and then mixed with sperms in the IVF lab. If a woman doesn’t have ovaries which are removed medically due to some problem like ovarian cyst then eggs can be donated from donor eggs. If a man has problem of sperms which cannot be removed through ICSI or have zero count of sperms than sperm donor can be used to get sperms.
In 1978, the world’s first test tube baby was born in Britain. According to the survey of 2012, around 1.5 million ART procedure has been done worldwide annually in which 23.3% were succeed to give birth to new life and 76.7% ART were failed.
When all other treatments are failed then only one solution left to go for ART procedure and have baby. If there is unexplained infertility then doctors recommend ART treatment. This technology is divided into various parts in market which is subdivided as zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT), frozen embryo transfer (FET) by procedure, and in-vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET).
In-vitro fertilization-embryo transfer is considered as the most successful treatment and introduced the new technology called IVF. This procedure is the largest market segment. New IVF technology has replaced the traditional IVF due to its highest success rate. As earlier, higher amount of sperms are used to increase the success rate but now the process has changed slightly and time lapse imaging system has been used to determine the embryo’s viability which is healthy and a clear picture of egg division is recorded.